https://tenpyodo.com/en/product1/cat/karatsu/（Handled Items ⇒ Old-Karatsu）
Karatsu ware is pottery fired in the hizen region, centered around the karatsu domain in hizen country. The name originates from the fact that it was shipped from karatsu port, and it is highly regarded as a tea pottery, as it is praised as “Raku ware being the most wonderful, Hagi ware being second, and Karatsu ware being third.” It is estimated that around the end of the 16th century, in the kitahata district, karatsu city in the northern part of saga prefecture, Chikashi Mikawanokami Hata, the lord of kishidake castle invited potters from korea and opened a kiln. There are ancient kiln sites from the early days of karatsu ware scattered around the kishidake castle. In 1593（Bunroku 2）, when the hata clan lost their territory due to Hideyoshi toyotomi’s anger, the potters of kishidake dispersed throughout hizen. After that, Hirotaka Shimanokami Terazawa took over the territory and established the hizen country karatsu domain.The confiscation of Hata’s territory and the closure of the kishidake kilns is one of the pieces of evidence that old-karatsu was being fired before 1593（Bunroku 2）. The beginning of karatsu ware is estimated to be around the tensho era（1573-92）based on excavations and research. Karatsu ware experienced a prosperous period during the momoyama period to the early edo period, producing many simple and excellent works by the potters who were invited during the Bunroku-Keicho campaigns（1592-98）. During the bunroku campaign, when hideyoshi toyotomi set up camp at nagoya castle, Oribe Furuta also stayed for about a year and a half from 1592（Bunroku 1）and is said to have directly instructed the karatsu kilns. Furthermore, the climbing kilns were also transmitted from karatsu to mino and built at kujiri motoyashiki. The achievements brought by the introduction of korean technology to japanese pottery cannot be measured. Karatsu ware first appeared in “Oribe Furuta’s Tea Ceremony Records” as “Dish of Karatsu Ware” in 1602（Keicho 7）, and is concentrated in the keicho era（1596-1615）. In addition, by the middle 17th century, the notation “Old-Karatsu” was already used in tea ceremony records. While most karatsu ware was mass produced as everyday items for ordinary people, it caught the eye of tea practitioners during the momoyama period to the early edo period when making matcha became popular, and it became pottery used in the tea ceremony. Among the works, there are also custom made works ordered by tea practitioners and tea utensil merchants, which receive particularly high evaluations due to their extreme rarity compared to the overall total number. In the 17th century, a significant event occurred for karatsu ware：the discovery of izumiyama porcelain stone and the successful firing of porcelain by korean potter Yi Sam-Pyeong（japanese name：Kanagae Sanbee）. The subsequent expansion of imari ware production greatly affected the decline of karatsu ware. In the early edo period, while mishima-garatsu and nisai-garatsu were appreciated, the charm of old-karatsu was lost, and only karatsu domain kiln（ochawan kiln）remained. In the early showa period, old-karatsu researchers Kyoichi Kanehara（Tohen）and Wasaburo Mizumachi and Kuichi Furutachi excavated numerous ancient karatsu kiln sites in the hizen region, providing tens of thousands of valuable pottery shard materials. The unadorned earthiness and nostalgic richness of color in karatsu ware are full of cheerfulness and vitality, representing the essence of the art created by the earth and flames.
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