Kanjiro Kawai

Kanjiro Kawai / Toshitaka

Kanjiro Kawai 1890-1966

Kanjiro Kawai was born in Shimane prefecture.
In 1914, after graduating from Tokyo Institute of Technology ceramics department, entered the Kyoto Municipal Ceramics Experimental Station.
While receiving guidance from director Eiko Fujie and senior engineers Shinobu Komori, Together with junior, Shoji Hamada, who entered the studio two years later, worked hard on research and production of techniques.
In 1920, established a residence in gojozaka, higashiyama-ku, Kyoto city, named the kiln inherited from the 5th Rokubei Kiyomizu “Shokei Kiln”.
In 1921, held the first creative ceramics exhibition at Takashimaya in Tokyo and Osaka, presented a group of technical works that imitated chinese pottery. Acclaimed as a newcomer by ceramic historian Seiichi Okuda, each time held solo exhibitions, received high acclaim. On the other hand, have doubts about the technique oriented production that imitates old ceramics, in 1924, deeply moved by the slipware brought back from England by Shoji Hamada. Having met Muneyoshi Yanagi through Hamada’s introduction, opened his eyes to the beauty of miscellaneous pottery and discovered his belief in creation. In addition, launched the “Folk Art Movement” with Muneyoshi Yanagi and Shoji Hamada, and worked energetically as a practical leader. Turned to the simple style of folk art and established own style.
In 1929, recommended to the Imperial Exhibition by the Imperial Art Academy.
In 1936, The Japan Folk Crafts Museum has opened in komaba, Tokyo.
In 1937, received the Grand Prix at the Paris Exposition. Built home (Kawai Kanjiro’s House) modeled on private houses in various parts of japan(mainly in hida takayama).
In 1947, Shiko Munakata’s hangi published “Fire Wishes”.
In 1948, published “Cosmetic Pottery” and “The Window of Life”.
In 1957, received the Grand Prix at the Milan Triennale.
In 1961, started the serialization of “60 years ago now” in the magazine “Mingei”.
Firmly refused the recommendation to be an important intangible cultural property holder(living national treasure)and receive the order of culture. While firmly maintaining the spirit of folk art, developed a free creative world, extraordinary creative drive transcended ceramics, and in later years was also active in wood carving, metalwork, and writing. “Three colors” the technique of boldly applying red, green, and black glazes with a ladle or a thick brush, It is a representative technique of later years.

河井敏孝 1946(昭和21)年生


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